The Badacsony hill

Badacsony is one of the most beautiful Hungarian hills…

Its characteristic shape has a symbolic significance, representing at the same time the Balaton, we think of the two together. It was on this almost sacred mountain that the largest basalt stone quarry in Hungary functioned. Its landscape aesthetic value and its significance for nature preservation was acknowledge when in 1954 the quarrying works stopped and it was declared a landscape preservation district. The Badacsony Mountain was formed as the result of multiple volcanic eruptions. The basalt lava, which broke the surface, settled on the Pannonian sediment which covered the surface at the time, thereby protecting it from the destructive effects of the following millions of years in witness of the prevailing conditions of the time. This is how a beauty world renowned, the basalt cones rising from the plane in the Tapolca Basin were formed. They are called Witness Mountains.

The basalt of the Badacsony cooled down mainly in the form of vertical and horizontal columns, this is how the beautiful basalt columns were formed at the edge of the mountain, the so-called “stone sacks” and among them the most beautiful, the Kõkapu (stonegate). The stone boulders originating from the fall and break-up of the rocks, the so-called “stoneflow” is edging its way towards the Balaton. The classical form of the mountain is ellipsis, from a distance it forms an elongated coffin shape, on top it is covered by forest of various trees. Our pride, the vineyards of the Badacsony sit on the skirt of the Badacsony and stretch from the border of the forest and basalt belt almost to the line of the Balaton. In the spring the Alyssum montanum blooms like gold on the rocks, above them ravens nest. In the forests and in the cliff pastures the variegated iris flowers together with the Mediterranean originated bryony, in places the hepatica forms a blue carpet in early spring. Its fauna is also unique. The most characteristic nesting communities developed here among the basalt volcanoes in the Tapolca Basin according to the diverse ecological conditions. Among the more rare species are the raven, the kestrel, the bee-eater and the rock thrush. The human presence over the past centuries has affected the look of the Badacsony. In place of forests at the foot of the mountain there are now magnificent vineyards. The buildings on the mountain are there principally for the benefit of grape processing; and are beautiful gems in the landscape.